Root Calculator

Although the educational system presents numerous opportunities for students to enjoy developing new skills, excelling at sports, and practicing public speaking, it seems that nothing is working when it comes to mathematics. If you need to have help on exponential and logarithmic as well as graphing, Algebra-calculator. Looking for the Microsoft Comsquare Root Calculator post, you might be exploring the proper internet site. Square root calculator This square root calculator will compute the square root of any number for you. Come to Mathfraction. For example, enter 3x+2=14 into the text box to get a step-by-step explanation of how to solve 3x+2=14. Students, teachers, parents, and everyone can find solutions to their math problems instantly. Online square root calculator. Calculate Square Root. eCalc is a free and easy-to-use scientific calculator that supports many advanced features, including unit conversion, equation solving, and even complex-number math. The calculator will find all possible rational roots of the polynomial, using the Rational Zeros Theorem. The funtool app is a visual function calculator that manipulates and displays functions of one variable. single family home at 119 Root Rd, Somers, CT 06071 on sale now for $529,900. We are honored to serve the largest community of process improvement. Simplify Square Root. For 2 number x1 and x2: x 1 = a 1 × 10 b1. Theaetetus: Theodorus was proving to us a certain thing about square roots, I mean the square roots of three square feet and five square feet, namely, that these roots are not commensurable in length with the foot-length, and he proceeded in this way, taking each case in turn up to the root of. A web page calculator to convert fractions and square-root expressions and decimal values to continued fractions. and then just keep. Type your algebra problem into the text box. Hi horsielo : I don't know what your using ( the Scientific calculator, excel,or some other program) the computer's Scientific calculator you can do it in one of four ways. To find the square root of a number without a calculator: or at least without using the square root button or exponent button on a calculator:. com includes valuable facts on Factoring Square Root Calculator, squares and subtracting fractions and other math subject areas. For example, the 3rd root of 27 is 3 as 3…. Scientific Calculator is a fully-functioning JavaScript calculator that contain of practically any common and many advanced calculator functions: cosine, sine, tangent, power, square root, exponents, round numbers, etc. Definition of root as used in math. Calculator runs on PCs, tablets and smartphones. Should you need to have assistance on point or even fractions, Solve-variable. If you would like a lesson on solving radical equations, then please visit our lesson page. FAQ about SQRT. What are square roots? Square root of a number is the reverse operation of squaring that number. You can input any number ranging from positive numbers, negative numbers or real numbers. In the days before calculators, students and professors alike had to calculate square roots by hand. Cube Root Calculator. A cube root is the number that is multiplies by itself three times in order to form a cubic value. You may adjust the accuracy of your results. Square Root Calculator that is quick and interactive. Closest Place To Buy Cbd Vape Oil Cbd Oil And Maca Root Cbd Oil In Antioch Il. On a tablet, tap a product input area to activate the keypad. The Calculator Home Page at calculator. Enter a number into the below given 3rd power calculator to find the cube of the number. Right Triangle Trig Calculator Fill in two values and press Calculate. An item that has been used previously. Start your journey in any of the nine unique communities along our trail system. Online Calculators: calculate square root. Reduce this matrix to row echelon form using elementary row operations so that all the elements below diagonal are zero. Gear Parameter Calculator. This free app is able to calculate the square root of a number. Use the calculator below to figure out various gear specifications given two of the following; tooth count, diameter, and/or pitch. The square root of a number is a value that when multiplied by itself equals the original number. These calculators are best used to check your work, or to compute a complicated problem. Free derivative calculator - differentiate functions with all the steps. In data analysis many situations involving Voltage, Current, Speed, Velocity, Distance, Magnitude, it is necessary to calculate the Root Mean Square Value for a set of data with varying quantity. For example…. Method: 1-Enter number 2-two time square root 3-x 3-four time square root 4-x 5-eight time square root 6-x 7-two time square root 8- =. Can confirm, learned this same method for writing basic calculator programs in an engineering program class. A digital root calculator reads digits as input, calculates the digital root, and finally outputs the digital root digit (preferably with a UNIX newline). Pythagorean Theorem calculator, formula, work with steps, step by step calculation, real world and practice problems to learn how to find any unknown side length of a right triangle. Basic Online Calculator with 10-digit keypad and 4 functions to add, subtract, multiply and divide numbers. Glossary Thread calculator: All calculated results are based on; Basic outside diameter, number of threads per inch, series designation and class tolerances. This calculator was created by user's request. Finding the least primitive root (mod p), p an odd prime This uses the factorisation of p-1 and works for p with less than 20 or so digits. use our Fourth Root Calculator on engineering units | fourth Root Calculator What is a fourth root can be difficult to calculate by hand. Calculate the square root of x. For example, the 3rd root of 27 is 3 as 3…. From residential to heavy-duty industrial sites, NDS is a industry leader innovative water management solutions. com and understand syllabus for college, adding and subtracting rational expressions and plenty of other math topics. Square Root Calculator. The free calculator will solve any cube root. The calculator will generate a detailed explanation for each operation. Calculate the n-th root of x. Enter a value to be squared Then click OK The square of the number entered is. A root having multiplicity n=1 is called a simple root. Cube Root Calculator is an online tool used to calculate Cube and Cube Root Value of a given number. Finding Square Roots without a Calculator, a selection of answers from the Dr. Enter a number into the below given 3rd power calculator to find the cube of the number. The solution of exercise 2 of that page will be shown here. High-resolution, full-color backlit display and built-in MathPrint™ feature, the TI-84 Plus CE graphing calculator makes comprehension of math and science topics quicker and easier. Type your algebra problem into the text box. The first 10,000 primes, if you need some inspiration. But when it comes to finding cube roots for larger numbers, or finding exact values for cube roots that don't work out to a whole number, a scientific calculator becomes a very useful tool. Need help with your Engineering homework? Learners follow step-by-step instructions for calculating the square root of a number using the TI-83 Plus scientific calculator. Instructions for the roots calculator. Whenever possible, these calculator illustrate the steps and explain how certain math formulas, unit conversions and calculations are performed whether you are trying to reduce a square root to its simplest radical form, find the prime factorization of a number , use the quadratic formula or are interested in unit. Find more Mathematics widgets in Wolfram|Alpha. Performs basic math operations, as well as square root and percentages. Come to Algebra1help. re real part of complex number. In numerical analysis, a branch of mathematics, there are several square root algorithms or methods of computing the principal square root of a non-negative real number. Sometimes there's a root with an x on/beside it. Calculator for fractions and expressions with fractions with step-by-step explanation. If you’re heading in for a root canal, you could be feeling double the dread if you don’t know how much it will cost. Simplify Square Root. Inverse sine calculator. Online Ping, Traceroute, DNS lookup, WHOIS, Port check, Reverse lookup, Proxy checker, Bandwidth meter, Network calculator, Network mask calculator, Country by IP. The cubed root of a number is the number that would have to be multiplied by itself and by itself again to get the original number. Complete nutrition facts calculator for ginger-root vegetables shows calories, vitamins, minerals, pie charts, and nutrition label for ginger-root. Come to Polymathlove. Home > Math > Online Caluclators > Cube Root Calculator. Enter the sine value, select degrees (°) or radians (rad) and press the = button. Enter the target number and click on Calculate. 28,431,487 solved | 1,119 online. Scientific notation converter Scientific notation calculations. Quickly, clearly and securely online calculator allows you to perform all the standard mathematical operations such as division, subtraction, addition or multiplication, as well as operations with decimal fractions. Download Root Calculator 1. For example the second root of 9 is 3, because 3x3 = 9. Basic Online Calculator Help. Home; About; Main Content. Maxfield Parrish used its principles regularly, and this blog entry looks at his painting "Daybreak" to show how he applied Dynamic Symmetry to construct the picture. by Ron Kurtus (revised 17 August 2012) You usually need a scientific calculator to determine the square root of a number. Cube Root Calculator. The zeros of a polynomial equation are the solutions of the function f(x) = 0. Complete nutrition facts calculator for ginger-root vegetables shows calories, vitamins, minerals, pie charts, and nutrition label for ginger-root. If x positive a will be positive, if x is negative a will be negative. The Calculator app for Windows 10 is a touch-friendly version of the desktop calculator in previous versions of Windows, and it works on both mobile and desktop devices. It is important to go over some basic things that are related to the square roots. eCalc is offered as both a free online calculator and as a downloadable calculator. The task develops a feeling for number and underpins an understanding of surds. At the click of a button, for example, funtool draws a graph representing the sum, product, difference, or ratio of two functions that you specify. sqrt (Square Root) (Example: sqrt(9)) < (less than) > (greater than) <= (less than or equal to) >= (greater than or equal to) Need Help? Please feel free to Ask MathPapa if you run into problems. Radicals and Roots Calculator. Enter the equation you wish to solve. Loading Square root function. Nonrestoring Square Root. ‎Read reviews, compare customer ratings, see screenshots, and learn more about Square Root Calculator + Cube Root Calculator. Third Power or 3rd root is simply the cube of the given number, that it is multiplied by itself thrice. floor Returns the largest (closest to positive infinity) value that is not greater than the argument and is an integer. The calculator digits don't show up. com Tel: 800-234-2933; Membership Exams CPC Podcast. I told her guess and check- because that was how I learned it. Online Calculator. That applet lets you pick 2 parameters in the equation b x. Need help with your Engineering homework? Learners follow step-by-step instructions for calculating the square root of a number using the TI-83 Plus scientific calculator. Unless it is specifically stated that a calculator is permitted for a particular test, calculators may not be used. Return to Login Return to Login. Needs no extra plug-ins or downloads -- just your browser and you should have Scripting (Javascript) enabled. by Ron Kurtus (revised 17 August 2012) You usually need a scientific calculator to determine the square root of a number. Detailed features Powered by. The TI-83 Plus is an easy-to-use graphing calculator for math and science. Includes press appearances. (FREE Video) Watch Video Now!. The RMS value of a set of values is the square root of the. For math, science, nutrition, history. The iPhone and iPod touch include a built-in calculator app that's easy to use and handy since it goes where ever you take your pocket-size iOS device. We help businesses of all sizes operate more efficiently and delight customers by delivering defect-free products and services. Most people don’t like going to the dentist. The Derivative Calculator lets you calculate derivatives of functions online — for free! Our calculator allows you to check your solutions to calculus exercises. The first 10,000 primes, if you need some inspiration. Calculator Use. For each sentence below, study the one word that's in bold print. Kindle data Device serial number: (spaces are ignored) Possible root passwords: mario???. I told her guess and check- because that was how I learned it. (FREE Video) Watch Video Now!. how to compute roots using equations: square roots, cube roots, and n roots. Enter the root degree (n) and number (x) and press the = button:. Nth Root (Radical) calculator is a simple tool used to calculate the N th Root of the given real number which has the N th radical value. Cube and Cube Root. Please link to this page! Just right click on the above image, then choose copy link address, then past it in your HTML. Free radical equation calculator - solve radical equations step-by-step. The good news is, your local Family Dollar store has time- saving fall cleaning tips—plus low prices on the brands you trust to get the job done, like Fabuloso, Ajax, Clorox, and Sparkle. It works fine and errors free The calculator keeps running until the user enter 0 to quit the program. Download Root Calculator 1. GeocachingToolbox. Key concept: Square root of 4 is 2 because 2 times 2 is 4 Square root of 64 is 8 because 8 times 8 is 64 Cube root of 27 is 3 because 3 times 3 times 3 = 27 fourth root of 16 is 2 because 2 times 2 times 2 times 2 = 16 Sometimes, you may get a real number when looking for the square root. Find radical or roots of numbers. Very useful math calculator for school and college!. Pythagorean Theorem calculator, formula, work with steps, step by step calculation, real world and practice problems to learn how to find any unknown side length of a right triangle. Calculate Square Root without a Square Root Calculator. Easy-To-Use Scientific Calculator with Task History. Note: Fill in one box to get results in the other box by clicking "Calculate" button. Root Word Dictionary is the largest online dictionary of word roots. A root having multiplicity n=1 is called a simple root. Right from quad root calculator to subtracting, we have got every aspect covered. Alternate Graphing Calculator. These are the calculation methods used by the calc to find the derivatives. For easier readability, numbers between 1,000 and -1,000 will not be in scientific notation but will still have the same precision. Simplify a Term Under a Radical Sign - powered by WebMath. The other two values will be filled in. Now, a root-locus line starts at every pole. Remember that math calculators are a problem-solving tool, and should not replace conventional math skills. re real part of complex number. Need help with your Engineering homework? Learners follow step-by-step instructions for calculating the square root of a number using the TI-83 Plus scientific calculator. In certain cases, as is the case with mainframes and minicomputers, our calculation of the cube root is a very close approximation. How to Find a Square Root Without a Calculator. Square Root Calculator. single family home at 8208 Se Red Root Way, Jupiter, FL 33458 on sale now for $1,650,000. Online Calculators: calculate square root. Graphing, scientific and four-function calculators are permitted or are provided for some Praxis ® tests. spectacular pool | View 75 photos of this 6 bed, 5+ bath, 5,226 Sq. Cube Root Definition. The ratio of the output and input of the system is called as the transfer function. ROOT SIMPLIFIER CALCULATOR. Traditionally, brewers made the drink by fermenting an herbal decoction made with sassafras bark, sarsaparilla root and other herbs with sugar and yeast to make a naturally bubbly, probiotic soft drink. You can also type "sqrt" in the expression line, which will automatically convert into √. Enter a value to be squared Then click OK The square of the number entered is. This is probably the easiest way to learn the basic operation of Maxima. It has a simple layout with two controls that perform different functions of the calculator. Nonrestoring Square Root. You can click-and-drag to move the graph around. To zoom, use the zoom slider. Use this calculator to find the cube root of positive or negative numbers. Free online factoring calculator that factors an algebraic expression. (n doesn't have to be a whole number, or even real). Radical Sign. In certain cases, as is the case with mainframes and minicomputers, our calculation of the cube root is a very close approximation. ROOT SIMPLIFIER CALCULATOR. square root calculator: calculate square root of a number. In the days before calculators, students and professors alike had to calculate square roots by hand. Everybody needs a calculator and your options are virtually unlimited when it comes to what you can get. If you just click-and-release (without moving), then the spot you clicked on will be the new. A vulnerability in the Linux Sudo utility means bad actors could gains root-level permission and run dangerous. A cube root is simply the reverse of this process (x1/3). Calculate the square root of x. It has a simple layout with two controls that perform different functions of the calculator. Online Calculators - Online Converters - Unit Measurement Translators Metric <-> Imperial <-> Metric. Includes memory save and recall. Integer numbers, decimal numbers and fractions are supported. It is the reverse of the exponentiation operation where the exponent is n, so if r n = x, then we say that "r is the nth root of x". Write and calculate. Root Calculator The Root Calculator is used to determine the n-th root of different values. 2019 Loflin 72LFRG Root Grapple For Sale in Spencer, MA on Equipment Trader. But when it comes to finding cube roots for larger numbers, or finding exact values for cube roots that don't work out to a whole number, a scientific calculator becomes a very useful tool. Explore a number of housing related calculators, as well as hundreds of other calculators covering topics such as finance, math, health, fitness, and more. 5th root calculator will help to find the 5th root number. Related WordsSynonymsLegend: Switch to new thesaurus Noun 1. What is a square root? The square root of a number answers the question "what number can I multiply by itself to get this number?". This is the ELI5 base method, which can add on many modifiers to make sure that you reach the answer faster and more reliably. Hint: Selecting "AUTO" in the variable box will make the calculator automatically solve for the first variable it sees. The square root of x is given by the formula: √ x = r Enter the input number (x) and press the = button:. Come to Mathfraction. Square Root Formula (also referred to as Second Root) Value to the Second Root = _____ 2 √ x Where x is the value you solving for. It is defined as third degree polynomial equation. Applications & Design. e Worksheet by Kuta Software LLC. Includes basic handheld calculator functions for square, square root, percent, sign change, Pi and memory. In the days before calculators, students and professors alike had to calculate square roots by hand. Numbers are displayed in scientific notation in the amount of significant figures you specify. All geocaching tools a geocacher needs in one box: a lot useful geocaching tools, links, html tips and more. How to find square root: online calculator finds square root of a number quickly and easily, just plug in your number and go. Square Root Calculator. Please follow the link below to a different graphing calculator. Free math lessons and math homework help from basic math to algebra, geometry and beyond. For example, the fourth root of 81 is 3…. Powers And Power Roots: Required Data Entry Enter A Value Enter A Power Value Calculated Results Calculated Power Root Calculated Power. This means that it has four equal sides and four equal 90-degree angles, or right angles. x 2 = a 2 × 10 b2. How to find percent? Find Percent of Two numbers example: You need to find out what percent is 7 out of 300. 0 Instructions. A web based polynomial root finder. Quartic Root Calculator - computes complex and real roots for any quintic polynomial. The n-th root of x is: n √ x = r. Direct Calculation (most popular) – a precise, digit by digit calculation similar to long division. What symbol do I press to get the 5th root of a number. Square Root Property Calculator is used to calculate square root that is a number which when multiplied by itself gives a real non-negative number called a square. The square root of a number is the answer to a number multiplied by itself. After this, it will decide which possible ro. Whenever possible, these calculator illustrate the steps and explain how certain math formulas, unit conversions and calculations are performed whether you are trying to reduce a square root to its simplest radical form, find the prime factorization of a number , use the quadratic formula or are interested in unit. Use our online nth root calculator. Enter the target number and click on Calculate. History of the logarithm. Diagrams of squares and rectangles get abstract pretty fast. This means that it has four equal sides and four equal 90-degree angles, or right angles. Since 8 is much closer to 9 = 3^2 than 4 = 2^2, we can deduce that the closest integer to the square root is 3. In mathematics, an nth root of a number x, where n is usually assumed to be a positive integer, is a number r which, when raised to the power n yields x. NOTE: Square root can be represented by all of the following: 2 √x = √x = x 1/2 = sqrt(x). xml file by the following code. The calculators and solvers below do more than just calculate the answer. For example…. About the method. High-resolution, full-color backlit display and built-in MathPrint™ feature, the TI-84 Plus CE graphing calculator makes comprehension of math and science topics quicker and easier. The other two values will be filled in. Portfolio of bouquets and decor for events and holidays created by their Orange County, California-based team. The Cube Root Calculator will calculate the cube root of any number and all you have to do to calculate the cube root is to just enter in any number and press the calculate button!. I use this tool to calculate the roots to plot Bode diagrams. It is defined as third degree polynomial equation. Notes on using the Calculator. There are two scenic state bike trails, the Root River State Trail and the Harmony-Preston Valley State Trail, that connect the Root River Trail Towns. You can input any number ranging from positive numbers, negative numbers or real numbers. Root: The Tabletop Roleplaying Game is a game of woodland creatures fighting for money, justice, and freedom from powers far greater than them. This calculator is designed to give the square and square root of any number. Use the square root calculator below to find the square root of any imaginary or real number. Square Root Formula (also referred to as Second Root) Value to the Second Root = _____ 2 √ x Where x is the value you solving for. Key concept: Square root of 4 is 2 because 2 times 2 is 4 Square root of 64 is 8 because 8 times 8 is 64 Cube root of 27 is 3 because 3 times 3 times 3 = 27 fourth root of 16 is 2 because 2 times 2 times 2 times 2 = 16 Sometimes, you may get a real number when looking for the square root. Practice, practice, practice. For example, the fourth root of 81 is 3…. Omni Calculator solves 883 problems anywhere from finance and business to health. In the "Number", enter the number of root from which you want to calculate. iSixSigma is your go-to Lean and Six Sigma resource for essential information and how-to knowledge. Enter a value to find the square root of Then click OK The square number of the number entered is. Root is a game of adventure and war in which 2 to 4 (1 to 6 with the 'Riverfolk' expansion) players battle for control of a vast wilderness. Here is a set of practice problems to accompany the Root Test section of the Series & Sequences chapter of the notes for Paul Dawkins Calculus II course at Lamar University. com and understand terms, subtracting rational and loads of additional algebra topics. Online calculator supports both simple arithmetic operations and calculation of percentages, exponentiation and root calculation. If x positive a will be positive, if x is negative a will be negative. Mathematics is definitely among the top fears of students across the globe. Square Root Property Calculator is used to calculate square root that is a number which when multiplied by itself gives a real non-negative number called a square. Square Root Calculator. Kindle data Device serial number: (spaces are ignored) Possible root passwords: mario???. What is your Ecological Footprint? How many planets does it take to support your lifestyle? Take this free quiz to find out!. Find the square root of a number without a calculator. Let denote a rational transfer function whose coefficients depend on the real parameter. This is the last test for series convergence that we're going to be looking at. Free math problem solver answers your algebra homework questions with step-by-step explanations. The root of a number x is another number, which when multiplied by itself a given number of times, equals x. Survival Food & Emergency Food Storage. Gaseous molecules follow a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution which is depends on the applied temperature and the molecular weight of the gaseous molecules. The nth root of a number is the number that would have to be multiplied by itself n times to get the original number. x 1 + x 2 = a 1 × 10 b1 + a 2 × 10 b2. Free math lessons and math homework help from basic math to algebra, geometry and beyond. For the square roots of a negative or complex number, see below. Infinite Series: Root Test For Convergence The root test may be used to test for convergence of an infinite series. Find radical or roots of numbers. See lecture notes. In this radical calculator Y is a real positive number and x is a Nth root or radical power. This online calculator finds the roots of given polynomial. This cube root calculator finds the cube root of any given number; which is the value that if gets multiplied by 3 equals the initial number. We help businesses of all sizes operate more efficiently and delight customers by delivering defect-free products and services. pdf), Text File (. It is the reverse of the exponentiation operation with an exponent of 2, so if r 2 = x, then we say that "r is the root of x". Summary : The cube_root function calculates online the cube root of a number. Start your journey in any of the nine unique communities along our trail system. What is a cube root? The cube root of a number answers the question "what number can I multiply by itself twice to get this number?". In data analysis many situations involving Voltage, Current, Speed, Velocity, Distance, Magnitude, it is necessary to calculate the Root Mean Square Value for a set of data with varying quantity. Basic Online Calculator. Students, teachers, parents, and everyone can find solutions to their math problems instantly. Please use this form if you would like to have this math solver on your website, free of charge. It is the reverse of the exponentiation operation with an exponent of 3, so if r 3 = x, then we say that "r is the cube root of x". Polynomial Roots Calculator The Polynomial Roots Calculator will find the roots of any polynomial with just one click. Home; About; Main Content. In certain cases, as is the case with mainframes and minicomputers, our calculation of the cube root is a very close approximation. The Calculator app for Windows 10 is a touch-friendly version of the desktop calculator in previous versions of Windows, and it works on both mobile and desktop devices. Free online calculators for radicals, exponents, math, fractions, factoring, plane geometry, solid geometry, algebra, finance and more. Root Simplifier Calculator Shtf Holster For Glock 43 With Tlr6 ★★★Root Simplifier Calculator - Bear Grylls Knives. This calculator is designed to calculate the cube root and cube of any number. Calculate the square root of x. Data should be separated by coma (,), space ( ), tab, or in separated lines. About Cube Root Calculator. Square Root Calculator. The square root of x is given by the formula: √ x = r Enter the input number (x) and press the = button:. You might know all the formulas for math and science problems, but if you don't know how to use your scientific calculator, you'll never get the correct answer. A web page calculator to convert fractions and square-root expressions and decimal values to continued fractions. You can input any number ranging from positive numbers, negative numbers or real numbers. Find more Mathematics widgets in Wolfram|Alpha. Get an answer to your question "Find the inverse cotangent of the square root of 3 without a calculator " in Mathematics if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. Calculate Square Root. Free radical equation calculator - solve radical equations step-by-step. Given a number x, the cube root of x is a number a such that a 3 = x. Square Root. In the "Number", enter the number of root from which you want to calculate. Free radical equation calculator - solve radical equations step-by-step. For digits after decimal point, pair them from left to right). With help of this calculator you can: find the matrix determinant, the rank, raise the matrix to a power, find the sum and the multiplication of matrices, calculate the inverse matrix. Addition Subtraction Multiplication Division Sign Square Square Root Inverse Exponent Percent Memory Functions. Square root calculator is a tool to learn how you can make a square root step by step with the number that you want with a little explanation of each step. ‎Read reviews, compare customer ratings, see screenshots, and learn more about Square Root Calculator + Cube Root Calculator. Putting a 2 here. It supports computing mean, median, harmonic mean, geometric mean, minimum, maximum, range, variance, standard deviation. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: